Orange Marmalade

Processing: Boiling Water Canner 10mins (half-pints, pints)
Storage: 12 months+
Yield: 8 cups

A delicious orange spread you will enjoy on toast, warm as a glaze for chicken or pork or use in baked goods. No bitter flavour, just packed with a tangy yet sweet orange flavour and just the right amount of orange rind in every spoonful!
8 oranges
4 lemons   
6 cups water.
6 cups sugar, appoximately
Peel citrus fruit.
Wash oranges and lemons then drain. Remove stickers (if any) and cut away blemishes (if any). Cut citrus fruit into quarters. Holding fruit quarters over a bowl (to catch juice and seeds), remove peels and place peels only into a medium saucepan. Once you have peeled HALF of the fruit put the peels on to boil. Then finish peeling the rest of the citrus - keep the second half of the peels for another use, ie candied peels, or discard them.
Prepare fruit puree.
Roughly chop the fruit and place into a bowl with the juice and any seeds. Measure the bowl of fruit/juice/seeds into a large, heavy-based pan. Add 1/4 cup water per 1 cup of fruit. ie 4 cups of fruit + 1 cup water. Bring to a boil then simmer uncovered for 15 minutes. Puree using a food blender, processor or immersion (stick) blender.
Boil citrus peels: 2 x 10 minutes.

Cover the peels in the medium pan with water. Bring to a boil then boil gently for 10 minutes. Discard water and drain peels well, then cover with fresh water and boil for a further 10 minutes. Drain well. Spread out on a plate (or cutting board) and leave until they are cool enough to handle. Then scoop away the soft bitter white pith and discard, leaving long pieces of the outer peel.  Cut into very thin slices, as thinly as possible.
Measure fruit puree back into your jam-making pan.
Measure the fruit puree back into the large pan, through a fine sieve to catch any seeds. Push it through the sieve with a spoon to push through any pulp if you like (this will result in a cloudier marmalade). If you're infusing the marmalade, add your whole spices here, or a touch of ground spices/vanilla bean if you like. Add sugar into the pan: 3/4 cup of sugar for every 1 cup of fruit. For example if you have 4 cups of fruit mixture in the pot, you will add 3 cups of sugar. Whisk well to combine, whisking occasionally over medium heat until sugar has dissolved. Then stir in the rind strips and increase heat to bring the marmalade to a boil.
Prepare jars.
Place jars in a boiling water bath canner (or a pot with a round cake rack or a small clean cloth on the base). Cover jars with 1-2 inches of water above their rims, place the lid on the canner and bring to a boil. Then start your timer and boil jars for 10 minutes. Once the time is complete, turn the heat off and leave hot jars in hot water until ready to use. 
Boil marmalade until set.
Bring marmalade to a boil. Set the heat to medium-high so it bubbles steadily. Setting (gel) point will take 15-30 minutes, whisking the pan every few minutes. Test using the freezer plate method (30secs on freezer temperature saucer, it wrinkles and doesn't run when angled). At the end you can also add up to 4 tablespoons of liqueur before bottling if you like.
Prepare lids.
While you are filling the jars with hot marmalade, place the lids into the boiling water canner. Do not simmer or boil, just let the lids heat through in the few minutes while you fill the jars, removing the lids from the water when you are ready to place them onto the jars so they stay hot.

Ladle hot marmalade into hot jars.
Immediately spoon the hot marmalade into your prepared hot jars: fill to 1/4 inch (0.5cm) from the rim. Remove bubbles, check headspace is correct then wipe rims and seal.

Process in boiling water bath for 10 minutes to seal (start timer once water is back to a boil). Then place on a towel-covered bench overnight to seal. The next day, check seals are okay, then date and label and store in a cool dark dry place for up to 12 months.
Next day check for seals.
Check jars have sealed before labelling and storing in a cool, dry and dark place for up to 12 months.

Serving ideas:
  • serve on toast, crumpets or crackers with cream cheese
  • warm and use as a glaze for chicken or pork - grilled, stir-fried or baked
  • warm a few spoonfuls of marmalade to drizzle atop freshly baked cakes
  • softening the bitter white pith and removing the water removes the bitterness from the outer skin (and stops the skin absorbing the bitterness)
  • pre-boiling the peels not only loosens the pith so you can scoop it out easily with a spoon or knife and then finely cut much easier - it also starts the cooking process so you don't end up with tough little pieces of rind in the marmalade. Lime peels take the longest so check that they can be easily cut into but still hold their shape. They will darken in colour after boiling.
  • adding the rind after the sugaris completely dissolved stops sugar from collecting in large pieces of rind
  • want a stronger tangy flavour? add extra lemon
  • love rind in your marmalade? use all of the rind from the citrus
  • don't like rind? leave it out of the recipe (or remove just before bottling to add extra flavour and help the marmalade to set quicker)
  • don't like the rind in long, thin pieces? leave in larger pieces, finely dice or grate into the marmalade instead
  • try combining other citrus fruit such as lemons, limes, key limes, kumquat, buddha's hands, mandarins, tangelos, calamondins, blood oranges, grapefruit, tangerines and pomelos
Additional Flavours (optional):
  • brandy
  • brown sugar
  • cinnamon
  • cinnamon + honey
  • cloves
  • Cointreau
  • Grand Marnier
  • grapefruit
  • honey
  • lemon
  • mint
  • rosemary
  • vanilla
  • liqueur
lemon, orange, lime, calamondin and lemon & lime marmalades
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